The challenges of large scale cotton farms and the prospects of sustainable small scale farmer cotton production in ethiopia. It is also grown on smallscale farms under rainfed agriculture. Organic cotton market report 2019 textile exchange. And in addition to gtp ii delegates were informed how in october 2017, a national cotton development strategy was validated, which aims to boost the production and productivity of ethiopian cotton over a fifteen years period up until 2032. Getachew agegnehu ethiopian institute of agricultural research. Fertilizer and soil fertility potential in ethiopia constraints and opportunities for enhancing the system. October 14, 2017 as part of its effort to augment its textile sector, ethiopia s government has launched a 15 years national cotton development strategy aimed at positioning ethiopia as the top cotton producer in africa. Under haile selassie i reigned 193074, ethiopia s economy enjoyed a modicum of free enterprise. The production principles describe the broad areas under the control of the farmer that need. Ethiopia government in sustainable cotton push shows. South africa was the first country on the african continent to adopt bt cotton for commercial production in 1998. The prime requisite for the production of cotton in most countries is a supply of cheap labor.
The main cotton growing areas in ethiopia was used to be the awash valley, which was used to produces over 64 % of the total cotton production of the country in. Ayka addis textiles a large integrated textile mill near addis abeba agreed to buy 5,000 tons of lint cotton from metema union a cooperatives union with 10,000 members, whereas the ethiopian cotton producers ginners and exporters association, ecpgea, was assigned to be. Income from deciduous fruit decreased by 3,7% and amounted to r19 788 million and that of vegetable production decreased by 3,6% to r21 111 million. Cotton is grown throughout ethiopia at elevations above meters and below 1400 meters.
Adopting more efficient cotton production practices is now a requirement instead of an advantage for all segments of the cotton industry. Cotton production potential areas, production trends. The production, history, uses and relationships of cotton. Sisal agave sisalana is the plant which yields the sisal fiber. World cotton mill consumption has been increasing at a proportional rate to the increase in world population. Ethiopia ethiopia cotton production annual usda gain reports. However, out of the countrys total potential areas for cotton production, only about three percent is being utilized currently. Cotton, such as retailers, ginners, spinners, traders, ngos, trade unions, producer organisations and large independent cotton farmers, to better understand the better cotton production principles and criteria. The paper summarises a wide range of information on the production and trade of west african cotton and its social and economic importance for the region. Data on the projected impacts of climate change on cotton production in the region is scarce.
Pdf progress of ethiopian cotton producers towards sustainability. Regional patterns and trends alemayehu seyoum taffesse, paul dorosh and sinafikeh asrat development strategy and governance division, international food policy research institute, ethiopia strategy support program ii, ethiopia ifpriaddis ababa p. In that year, cotton production in india amounted to around 5. The potential of manufacturing and industrialization in africa. It is uzbekistans main cash crop, accounting for 17% of its exports in 2006. Within this context, cotton is a key strategic crop. Global organic cotton production 5 201718 overview 6 global trends 7 initiative insights 8 achieving the sdgs through organic cotton 10 spotlight on seed 11 stakeholder directory 14 africa 15 regional updates 17 out of the box. Oct 16, 2017 small holder cotton farmers, handloom weavers and apparel makers can be integrated into a shared value chain that will help the traditional handloom industry adapt to modern needs and thrive. Consumer price of cotton was taken from purchase price of textile industry and oil mills since these are industries where cotton. Factors affecting cotton supply in ethiopia 40 citeseerx. According to adbg 4, the production cost of ethiopian cotton is 66.
There is a true green revolution in the making in this country. Africa and middle east, ethiopia after a small decline in my1516 augjul because of the drought, cotton production is forecast to more than recover, reaching 207,000 bales 45,000 metric tons in my1617. Attractive domestic prices coupled with a growing textile and apparel industry, and recent approval of bt cotton seed varieties for commercial. A strong and vibrant cotton industry still exists in ethiopia today on large and small farms, both private and government owned, including artisan coops that create beautiful, luxurious textiles from cotton raised and processed on small farms. Sisal accounts for a large proportion of the world supply of. The story of ethiopian cotton is part of a greater cotton saga that covers the globe and reaches back into ancient times. Thus, ethiopia has been importing raw cotton from abroad. Structureconductperformance of cotton market in ethiopia 6 gmmp 1. However, production is constrained in part by outdated ginneries.
Fertilizer and soil fertility potential in ethiopia. Cotton production in uzbekistan is important to the national economy of the country. The cotton exporters guide is a reference book that contains pragmatic and operational information on the international cotton market. Ethiopia completed its second round of bt cotton confined field trials in 2017 and commercialization is expected within the next couple of years. Ethiopia s crop agriculture continues to be dominated by the countrys numerous small. Consumer price of cotton was taken from purchase price of textile industry and oil mills since these are industries where cotton produced from metema district is destined. Sustainable cotton initiative ethiopia scie introduced pilot interventions of sustainable production principles on large and smallholder farms in the regional states of afar and tigray. Investments in cotton production, as well as any other agricultural commodity, require considerable due diligence because of a variety of complicated issues, including landownership rights and the potential for conflict.
Addis ababa the first ever organic cotton certificates in ethiopia have been handed out to 200 cotton farmers located near arba minch in north omo where yield rates have risen by 100 per cent and price per kg of cotton has risen by 77 per cent in some instances. A national cotton council analysis affirms that todays modern cotton production system provides significant benefits to rural americas economy and environment. The study of the cottons of ethiopia is a necessary step in the breeding of suitable varieties. Cotton production potential areas, production trends, research status. Ethiopia and cotton production systems, the current status of cotton production productivityproducers in the country, uses of cotton as sources of feed and food, and its contribution to the overall national economy of the country is described in the second chapter while assessment of cotton production, processing and marketing internal and. Ethiopia has excellent cottongrowing conditions and a significant amount of land potentially suitable for cotton production. Dynamic history soft, fluffy, white cotton has been under production at lower elevations in rural areas of ethiopia for millennia. Ethiopia has excellent cotton growing conditions and a significant amount of land potentially suitable for cotton production. Comparative country study of the development of textile and. With annual cotton production of about 1 million ton of fiber 45% of world production and exports of 700,000800,000 tons 10% of world exports, uzbekistan is the 8th largest producer and the 11th largest exporter of cotton in. Ethiopia agricultural biotechnology annual ethiopia moves.
Ethiopian investment agency ethiopian embassy in the. Sisal derives its name from the port of sisal in yucatan in mexico. Cotton is grown by smallholder farmers and large commercial farms in ethiopias southern rift valley. To realize this vision, the ncds proposes establishing the ethiopian cotton development authority to oversee and implement plans to make the cotton sector more competitive. As a result, the amount of cotton produced in the country is. Dec 28, 2017 ethiopia completed its second round of bt cotton confined field trials in 2017 and commercialization is expected within the next couple of years. This profile envisages the establishment of a plant for the production of absorbent cotton with a capacity of 300 tons per annum. At the moment of this total capacity only 56% of the cotton is cultivated and used in the forward textile industry. However, ethiopia share only about 5% of total cotton produced in africa 2. This has been especially relevant in the development of garment production in ethiopia, lesotho and madagascar. Ethiopian cotton producers, ginners and exporters association paper presented to 3rd international conference on cotton textile value chain in africa online, bahir dar university. Due to natural resource wealth in africa, much of the regions industrial production remains. Ethiopia launches 15year cotton development strategy. The production and export of cash crops such as coffee were advanced, and importsubstituting manufactures such as textiles and footwear were established.
Cotton is one of the rare agricultural products where production and consumption is more or less global in extent. Cotton lint production in ethiopia, 194041 to 201011 27 figure 5. The development of a cotton textile industry in ethiopia based upon increased national production of raw cotton is gradually taking place. Healthy rural economies are based on stable farm income, and cotton yields and prices are often among the healthiest of all field crops, vegetable or fruit. Oct 14, 2017 october 14, 2017 as part of its effort to augment its textile sector, ethiopias government has launched a 15 years national cotton development strategy aimed at positioning ethiopia as the top cotton producer in africa. Cotton production and productivity is highly constrained by a lot of biotic, abiotic.
Tgmm wheregmmp is producers participation farmers portion. Sep 24, 2019 this statistic shows the worlds leading cotton producing countries in crop year 20182019. Cotton plantings in 201819 were delayed in the southern and amhara regions due to a late rain onset. The objective is to provide all those engaged in producing and exporting cotton with a thorough and downtoearth understanding of all aspects of the international cotton trade. The icac secretariat uses the difference between domestic and imported cotton prices as an estimate of the support to chinese cotton prices that results from government interventions. One study conducted in zimbabwe gwimbi 2009 reported a decrease in cotton yield with decreasing precipitation and increasing temperature. The country has set a plan to become a major textile manufacturer in the coming years. Comparative country study of the development of textile. This paper presents an overview of crop agriculture in ethiopia, focusing mainly on cereal production. But currently, there are no gridconnected biomass power plants. Ethiopia has considerable potential for producing cotton. The ethiopian commodity exchange ecx it is a secondary level where coffee transact in ethiopia ecx is a national multicommodity exchange that provides lowcost, secure marketplace services to benefit all agricultural market stakeholders and invites industry professionals to seek membership enabling them to.
The introduction of this enhanced cotton variety is expected to contribute to greater levels of cotton production that. Advances in arthropod control technologies and improved insect and crop management systems have dramatically. Production can be challenging, as the crop is prone to attack by a wide variety of pests, especially african bollworm and sucking pests like aphids and whiteflies. China, india, usa, pakistan and uzbekistan are the five. It has a long tradition of cotton cultivation with an estimated area of 2. Ethiopia, known as the water tower of africa, provides one of the cheapest environmentally friendly hydroelectric power supplies in the world 5 us centsper kwh. Cmia cotton production started in the 20 14 crop season in ethiopia. Ethiopia plans to expand cotton production to meet demand. Pdf purpose one of the oldest civilizations of africa, ethiopia is today at the advent of industrialization in various business sectors. Ethiopia market overviewethiopia market overview discusses key economic indicators and trade statistics, which countries are dominant in the market, the u. The tendaho cotton plantation in the lower awash valley was one of ethiopia s largest cotton plantations. In order to improve utilizations of the potential of the sector, the government has formulated the second. Cotton has been grown and used in ethiopia since ancient times, and hand spinning and weaving is still a well established and widespread craft. Cotton is grown by smallholder farmers and large commercial farms in ethiopia s southern rift valley.
Ethiopia has a very good cottongrowing condition and a large amount of land potentially suitable for cotton production alebel bayrau et al. Its current position makes ethiopia a magnet to and an attractive, highly desirable destination. Economic and social importance of cotton production and trade. Together with foreign investors this potential is to be tapped the coming years. Brewer abstract cotton production is challenged worldwide by a diversity of arthropod pests that require management to prevent or reduce crop damage. At the other end of the value chain, there is significant cotton production in the region from ethiopia, uganda, tanzania and burundi although these quantities are small on the global scale. Market chain analysis of cotton the case of arbaminch zuria. However, the current domestic cotton production is much below the potential which poses as a constraint with respect to backward integration of the countrys textile and garment industry. Cotton production has long been underway in ethiopia. The introduction of this enhanced cotton variety is expected to contribute to greater levels of cotton production that are needed to satisfy the demand of the. Cotton planted acreage increased 25 percent in 2017 as relative prices favored cotton over alternative crops.
Other plans embody the erection of fdi industrial parks ips around 10 are under construction and. In addition to providing general information and a policy background, this chapter analyses the cotton production in ethiopia in detail with particular regard on environmental, social and economic aspects. Pdf an overview of textile and apparel business advances. In producerdriven value chains, large, usually transnational, manufacturers play the central roles in coordinating production networks. Ethiopian investment agency embassy of ethiopia, stockholm. Cotton incorporated is committed to providing cotton production information and cotton production resources to help the cotton industry meet and exceed these challenges. The largest volume of cotton production in the world is concentrated in countries like china. As to total arable and potential area for cotton production, the country is utilizing below potential. Burkina faso was the second country to adopt bt cotton in 2008, and sudan became the third in 2012.
Absorbent cotton is used in for sanitary purposes and surgical operations as well as for ordinary daily use. But, ethiopia shares only 5% of total cotton produced in africa. Private consultant to the international food policy research institute. West africas cotton trailblazers 18 benin 19 burkina faso 20 ethiopia 21 mali 22 senegal 23 tanzania 24 uganda 25. Income from cotton production also increased by 29,3% to r298 million. May 29, 2019 prices, approval of bt cotton seed varieties for commercial cultivation, and thriving textile industrial parks will encourage existing and new commercial farms to boost cotton production. Now the ethiopian cotton sector can supply to maximum 40% of industrial demand and the remainder comes for imports. Structureconductperformance of cotton market in ethiopia. The demand for absorbent cotton is met through import. Agroprocessing industries, such as processing sugarcane bagasse, cotton stalk, coffee hull and oil seed shells, present an opportunity for biomass energy. Market chain analysis of cotton the case of arbaminch. The implementation of the strategy would enable ethiopia to become top cotton producer in africa from the current 10th place. The making of cotton cloth for traditional clothing has occupied both rural and urban artisans in a country that has long been the most important center for handmade cloth in eastern africa.
Investment profile for investing in xxx in ethiopia. World cotton production, consumption and trade english abstract. Cotton, ethiopia, farm level, marketable supply, regression analysis. Ethiopia has a very good cotton growing condition and a large amount of land potentially suitable for cotton production alebel bayrau et al. Energy consumption and production ethiopia s population in 20 was 94. Before the revolution, largescale commercial cotton plantations were developed in the awash valley citation needed and the humera areas. Fifth, preferential access to key markets through trade agreements provides a compelling platform for attracting investment to exportoriented textile and garment production, but it can also create vulnerabilities and reduce. Pdf progress of ethiopian cotton producers towards. Ethiopias crop agriculture continues to be dominated by the countrys numerous small.
Regional strategy for cotton to clothing value chain june 2009 produced out of the comesa cotton, textile and clothing manufacture, marketing and distributionexporting business roundtable meetings in collaboration with the international. Ethiopia s crop agriculture is complex, involving substantial variation in crops grown across the countrys different regions and ecologies. Ethiopia has the competitive advantage to produce yarn at low cost and service this market but currently lacks the capacity to do so globally, the demand for ethiopian cotton yarn has been increasing by 11% per year as a result of increased quality of yarn production in ethiopia. World cotton production, consumption and trade english. Pdf sustainable cotton initiative ethiopia pilot interventions in afar and tigray regional states introduced sustainable production principles on. Ethiopian cotton, handspinning and handweaving tradition. Apr 09, 2012 ethiopia s ministry of agriculture held a twoday conference to discuss about cotton production in ethiopia. Making ethiopia the leading manufacturing hub in africa. In fact, ethiopia is the second most cotton producing nations in africa with a higher factory usage. These are natural fibers such as cotton, jute, silk and wool and syntheticmanmade fibers like polyester, viscose, nylon and acrylic. The gross income from horticultural products decreased by 0,7%, from r76 542 million in 201516 to r76 002 million in 201617. Ethiopia annually produces approximately 120,000 tons of cotton central statistics. Cotton production practices and resources from cotton.1464 1253 1347 483 1039 1563 123 145 1229 1126 1290 202 788 1334 1219 1179 1574 840 953 734 976 671 386 98 1323 910 400 1374 759 1308 946 222 951 1261