Earlier references, such as in jane austens northanger abbey, refer to the game of rounders, of which baseball is a more elaborate variety. The two teamed up and spent the next seven years preparing the first edition of the official encyclopedia of baseball, which was published in hardcover in 1951 by a. Encyclopedia dictionary definition encyclopedia defined. Baseball game definition of baseball game by the free. Information and translations of baseball season in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Proper usage and audio pronunciation plus ipa phonetic transcription of the word baseball. A good example is ueker seats defined as the highest seats in the park, but doesnt even mention bob ueker, or the origin of the expression. Open the new dickson baseball dictionary and youll find out. Cooks 1964 book, percentage baseball, was one of the first of its kind. It is determined by dividing the number of earned runs allowed by the number of innings pitched and multiplying by nine.
The term was coined by bill james, an enthusiastic proponent and its most notable figure. Concise, clear, and comprehensive definitions of all terms used in the sporting world. The period from the first to the last scheduled game of a year. Scoreboard definition, a large, usually rectangular board in a ballpark, sports arena, or the like, that shows the score of a contest and often other relevant facts and figures, as the count of balls and strikes on a baseball batter.
Baseball team and player records are also kept on a seasonal basis. It is played with a bat and a ball between two team and each players having 9 players each. English chinese french german hindi italian portuguese spanish. Nov 10, 2016 what other baseball terms have you heard or used. As it turns out the talk you hear on the baseball ball diamonds and around the ballparks is virtually a baseball language dictionary. Receipt book definition and meaning collins english. Sabermetrics research began in the middle of the 20th century with the writings of earnshaw cook, one of the earliest sabermetricians. A machine used in controlled fusion research to confine a plasma. Glossary of baseball by publish this nook book ebook. Baseball almanac is pleased to present a common set of. Information about baseball in the dictionary, synonyms and antonyms. Welcome to my site devoted to research on the physics of baseball. A hold is credited any time a relief pitcher enters a game in a save situation see definition below, records at least one out, and leaves the game never having relinquished the lead.
A description written by tom can be found in this article. A difference between college and professional baseball is the size. Feb 28, 2015 there are a lot of differences between college and professional baseball. Baseball is a game between two teams of nine players each, played on an enclosed field. Now in its 10th edition, the granddaddy of all sports. Emerging quickly from a recessed or concealed position when activated. An initialism for battedball coefficient of restitution, a standard that all nonwooden bats both metal and composite must meet in order to be approved for use in most amateur baseball leagues, such as u. In baseball, the strike zone is the volume of space through which a pitch must pass in order to be called a strike, if the batter does not swing. Foul ball a baseball that is hit outside the field of fair play. The historical dictionary of baseball is primarily devoted to the major leagues it also includes entries on the minor leagues, the negro leagues, womens baseball, baseball in various other countries, and other nonmajor league related topics. Synonymous with bag 1st, 2nd, or 3rd base a player who plays a particular base might be. Slang a lefthanded person, especially a lefthanded baseball pitcher. From longman dictionary of contemporary english related topics.
Its actually a square 90 feet 27 m on each side, but from the stands it resembles a parallelogram or diamond. Mike cameron, milwaukee brewers, can track down flies with the best centerfielders in baseball today. Statcast is a stateoftheart tracking technology that allows for the collection and analysis of a massive amount of baseball data, in ways that were never possible in the past. Southpaw definition of southpaw by the free dictionary. Select the first letter of the word from the list above to jump to appropriate section of the glossary. The strike zone is defined as the volume of space above home plate and between the batters knees and the midpoint of their torso. A glossary for leaderboard statistics on baseball reference.
Important notes 1 the playing rules committee, at its december 2014 meeting, voted to reorganize and recodify the official baseball rules into a more logical and organized manner. Baseball almanac has built one of the most powerful and innovative baseball statistics tool on the internet. Typically these calculations involve a lot of math and simulation, but. Curveball definition of curveball by merriamwebster. A comprehensive list of terms used in baseball and their. Full count when the pitch count has 3 balls and 2 strikes.
Lanigan was among those who helped, and 50,000 copies were sold. If the batter hits the baseball foul, then the count remains 3 and 2. An intentional walk occurs when the defending team elects to walk a batter on purpose, putting him on first base instead of letting him try. Thats when the pitcher steps off the rubber when theres men on base once hes started his windup. Tony gwynn had another typically great season in 1997. Easytouse free sports glossary with over 7,500 definitions. Series definition, a group or a number of related or similar things, events, etc. What is the difference between college and professional baseball. The fielding team pitches the ball while the batting team hits the ball and scores runs, while the fielding team tries to get the batsmen out. Sometimes the phrase used is that the hitter keeps his hands inside the baseball, and sometimes that the hitter himself keeps inside the ball never mind the connotation of a players literally being inside a baseball.
The official strike zone is the area over home plate from the midpoint between a batters shoulders and the top of the uniform pants when the batter is in his stance and prepared to. Baseball is a team sport between two teams of nine players each played on an enclosed field. Teams take turns to bat and field, and the switching takes place after the fielding side has recorded three outs. Baseball is popular game mostly in usa, australia, new zeland, uk and many sound american countries. Baseball almanac glossary and statistical baseball. No player is permitted to intentionally damage, deface or discolor the baseball by rubbing it with any type of foreign item or substance, including dirt or saliva. The definition of an encyclopedia is defined as a book or an electronic database with general knowledge on a range of topics. Outfield definition is the part of a baseball field beyond the infield and between the foul lines. Whether a pitch passes through the zone is decided by an umpire, who is generally positioned behind the catcher.
Runs resulting from defensive errors are recorded as unearned runs and omitted from era calculations. Baseball age seasonal age baserunners per nine innings pitched mb9 batted ball event bbe batters faced bf batting average avg batting. The sport of baseball is played between two teams, each having nine players. A slugger may be said to knock the horsehide off the ball. This glossary is designed to assist fans and researchers with the various fields used by our dynamic applications. Gremlin definition is a cause of error or equipment malfunction as in aircraft conceived of as a small mischievous gnome. This is a general glossary of the terminology used in the sport of cricket. Download our english dictionary apps available for both ios and. A book is a number of pieces of paper, usually with words printed on them, which are. A relief pitcher or reliever is a baseball or softball pitcher who enters the game after the starting pitcher is removed due to injury, ineffectiveness, ejection from the game or fatigue. Baseball statistics play an important role in evaluating the progress of a player or team. At first, the book was widely criticized and considered hocus pocus by organized baseball.
Official encyclopedia of baseball turkin, hy, thompson, s. Certain aspects of cricket terminology are explained in more detail in cricket statistics and the naming of fielding positions is explained at fielding cricket cricket is known for its rich terminology. If you have any questions about a baseball bat or softball bat, give our pros a call at 866 321bats 2287. Win expectancy, run expectancy, leverage index and baseout leverage index charts were provided by tom tango of inside the book and the blue jays and mariners. Sabermetrics is the analysis of baseball through objective evidence, especially baseball statistics. The definition of a manager is a person responsible for supervising and motivating employees and for directing the progress of an organization. Well for 20 years, the authority, the baseball bible, if you will, has been the dickson baseball dictionary. True, standard stats are rarely the central focus of major league baseballs decision makers who often utilize proprietary metrics. I have done quite a bit of independent research in both areas. May 26, 2019 the rules book definition is that the strike zone is that area over home plate the upper limit of which is a horizontal line at the midpoint between the top of the shoulders and the top of the uniform pants, and the lower level is a line at the hollow beneath the kneecap.
If you dont have enough time, have them just read the following passage, which is excerpted and adapted from the second section baseball basics of the article, to familiarize them with the basic rules and terms of baseball. Win expectancy, run expectancy, and leverage index calculations provided by tom tango of, and coauthor of the book. The goal is to score runs by hitting a ball thrown by opposite team player with a bat and touching the. I set off for america to research a book comparing baseball and cricket. Links that are available will lead to another section of this page or open in a new window. Hes staying inside the ball so good, man, dunn said. Baseball definition of baseball by the free dictionary. All portions of this particular page and the pages of the official major league rules book are sole property of major league baseball and have been reproduced without any alteration by baseball almanac who first obtained the written permission of the office of the commissioner. The first comprehensive book of baseball statistics, the complete encyclopedia of baseball appeared in 1951, and the first to employ computer calculations, macmillans baseball encyclopedia, began publishing annually in 1969. The most comprehensive glossary of baseball card terms, abbreviations and, acronyms on the internet complete with pictures, and cross reference links.
The official strike zone is the area over home plate from the midpoint between a batters shoulders and the top of the uniform pants when the. An illegal motion by the pitcher with one or more runners on base, entitling all runners to advance one base. This is an alphabetical list of selected unofficial and specialized terms, phrases, and other jargon used in baseball, along with their definitions, including illustrative examples for many entries. Curveball definition is a slow or moderately fast baseball pitch thrown with spin to make it swerve downward and usually to the left when thrown from the right hand or to the right when thrown from the left hand. Where words in a sentence are also defined elsewhere in this article, they appear in italics. Since the flow of a baseball game has natural breaks to it, and normally players act individually rather than performing in clusters, the sport lends itself to easy recordkeeping and statistics. Jul 04, 2011 definition from wiktionary, the free dictionary jump to navigation jump to search the following is a glossary of baseball jargon phrases, idioms and slang. Softball definition of softball by the free dictionary. The object of the game is for one team to score more runs than the other. Baseballs article about baseballs by the free dictionary.
By the middle 20th century, baseball was the nations most popular sport. The leather cover on the baseball which is now usually made of cowhide, not horsehide. Hailed as a staggering piece of scholarship wall street journal and an indispensable guide to the language of baseball san diego uniontribune, the dickson baseball dictionary has become an invaluable resource for those who love the game. Photograph your local culture, help wikipedia and win. Dictionary grammar blog school scrabble thesaurus translator quiz more resources more from collins. Information and translations of baseball in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Finding the finest and best of great stories within the many baseball books and baseball movies to enjoy adds much more of the unique baseball language and lingo you will use. Pitcher definition, a container, usually with a handle and spout or lip, for holding and pouring liquids. No single volume sings the epic saga of the game with quite the rhythms of the baseball encyclopedia.
Paul dickson has put together over 570 pages of facts, terms, definitions and trivia that are sure to please every baseball fan. The player, team and league statlines are now dramatically different than when the site first launched, so a comprehensive list of the stats would take far longer and would likely be much less useful than previously. The term is derived from the sabr the society for american baseball research. This a to z complete listing of baseball term is about the best book on the subject there is. In addition, minor typographical errors were corrected from the 2015 edition. Total zone rating and initial framework for wins above replacement calculations provided by sean smith. It is a big step up from college baseball to professional. Although the baseball industry has undergone a drastic and wellchronicled evolution in the statistical realm, many basic numbers have nonetheless maintained significant importance. See glossary of englishlanguage idioms derived from baseball for common idioms that. A variation of baseball played on a smaller diamond with a larger, softer ball that is pitched underhand. Research a book definition and meaning collins english. Napbl the 1901todate trade association of minor leagues, the national association of professional baseball leagues officially renamed minor league baseball in 1999. The baserunner is not allowed to deviate from his direct path to initiate contact with the catcher or any player covering the plate.
Typically, the major league baseball season runs from about april 1 until the end of october, including the regular season 162 games that each team plays and the playoffs, including the world series. Horsehide was the cover of choice for decades, as it was less prone to stretching than cowhide. It traces baseball, in general, and these topics individually, from their beginnings up to the present. The field shall be laid out according to the instructions below. In baseball statistics, earned run average is the mean of earned runs given up by a pitcher per nine innings pitched. A balk can be one of a number of movements related to the pitching motion but the intention is to catch the runners off balance.1412 185 1117 722 86 199 1558 19 311 987 39 325 1529 233 41 144 648 942 1034 680 1557 306 177 1115 550 325 493 1118 410 1372 431 1180 1209 39 38 304 411 1407 1333 977 358 1198